TEXT: The 18th verse of Vayikra (Leviticus), above, calls it an “abomination” to “iie with a man as one lies with a woman.” Rabbi Segal said that does not mean gay students should not be able to participate fully in religious life at school and beyond. (Photo illustration by Gabe Silverstein)
TEXT: The 18th verse of Vayikra (Leviticus), above, calls it an “abomination” to “iie with a man as one lies with a woman.” Rabbi Segal said that does not mean gay students should not be able to participate fully in religious life at school and beyond.

Photo illustration by Gabe Silverstein

The biggest challenge to ’emunah’ of our time

By Rabbi Ari Segal, Head of School

September 14, 2016

In the wake of last summer’s horrific massacre at Pulse, a gay nightclub in Orlando, I wrote to the Shalhevet community about our responsibility to take active steps to create safer spaces for the LGBT community. Well, the moment has arrived. We can no longer sit on the sidelines. As individuals and as a community, we must tackle this issue head-on.

Haven’t We Come Far Enough? Between Tolerance and Acceptance

I have heard many people claim that we have already turned the tide on this issue insofar as the observant community demonstrates more tolerance and less explicit homophobia than ever before. While I agree, I fear that we may be slipping into a state of complacency on this issue. To put it plainly, “being nice” cannot serve as the end-goal. Basic kindness is but the starting point of human decency.

I certainly do not want to belittle the importance of our community’s increased sense of tolerance. But what’s next? Of course, halachic Jews will always be limited in the degree to which they accept homosexuality as normative. But we must find a place that goes beyond mere tolerance even as it may stop short of full-fledged acceptance. Our commitment to Torah and mitzvot not only allows, but requires, that effort.


The Greatest Challenge to Emunah in Our Time 

This may surprise many adults, but the reconciliation of the Torah’s discussion of homosexuality represents the single most formidable religious challenge for our young people today. More young people are “coming out” than ever before, and that repeatedly puts a face to this theological challenge. These weighty issues do not live in the abstract; they powerfully and emotionally impact genuine individuals living in our Orthodox community, with real life families and friends. What may seem like an interesting sociological debate in truth is creating crushing pain, anxiety, and general turmoil for people about whom we care deeply.

As they go off to college, students invariably face the painful moral dilemma created by the seemingly intractable conflict: believing in the primacy and validity of the Torah on the one hand, and following their hearts’ sense of morality with regard to loving and accepting their gay friends – or perhaps “coming out” themselves—on the other. All too often, this earnest challenge results in our children quietly losing faith in the Torah as a moral way of life.

In my experience, many, if not most, 20 to 40-year olds in the modern Orthodox world struggle with the issue of homosexuality and the divinity of the Torah. They believe in a kind and just God and they want to believe in the divinity of the Torah. But at the same time they feel fairly certain that being gay is not a matter of choice. In the apparent conflict of these ideas, the first two premises seem to be losing ground. Students today do not find solace in the argument that the issue mirrors other questions of theodicy – children born with severe disabilities, tsunamis or other natural disasters, or the proliferation of cancer, for example. This generation by-and-large views this particular challenge to faith as irreconcilable.

Steering away from the issue might feel safe, but that avoidance is detrimental and dangerous. Rather than avoid, we must actively and thoughtfully engage. Even just taking those initial steps, I believe, will alleviate the burden of this theological struggle, and will help prevent those tempted to throw in the theological towel to circumvent the tension altogether. In other words, I believe that putting this issue front and center will, in the long run, bring our young people closer to Torah and halacha—not further away.


I’m Just an Educator

I imagine that many of you also struggle with the question of why God would seemingly create (or allow for a situation in which there exist) people who are gay but then forbid them from acting on it. But that is up to G-d and I think we should stop discussing the “why” of it and leave that to God. The more we try to understand this, the more harm we do. Simply stated, my shoulders are not broad enough to reconcile the totality of this issue.

I will leave the discussion of this massive theological question to the Gedolim of our generation. But I beg the YU Roshei Yeshiva and the Gedolim of our community to take up the discussion now. Please do not wait for other groups to address this issue and then lambast them. Our Gedolim rightly claim the mantle of Torah leadership for our community but they must assert themselves. They must fill the vacuum that exists right now. If not, the difficult and vital issue will be addressed by those to their right and left.

I also will leave the specifics about what side of the mechitza someone occupies and the structure of shul membership to the poskim and rabbis of shuls. But again, I beg our community leaders to address the matter in a timely and forthright manner. If the specific conflict has not yet arrived in your community (which I believe it certainly has), it will be there shortly.

Finally, I will leave discussion about nature and nurture to psychologists and sociologists. While I have read many articles on the topic, and feel strongly that there exists a genetic component to this issue, I know that others disagree and cite social and cultural factors as a cause or at least predictor. I think that this discussion only distracts from the more significant point: many, many gay, lesbian and transgender people today have no control over their sexual orientation.

Whatever your stance on “causation,” I believe we would have a hard time denying that many gay people do not choose to be gay. And to address another common refrain, while in the past most people have suffered silently while attempting to sublimate their inclinations…our teens generally view that approach as, at best an exercise in avoidance (and at worst a recipe for torment and self-hatred.) People today do not feel the need to sublimate those urges and desires to live meaningful and fulfilled lives. In fact, they see it as inhumane and offensive to suggest such self-denial or self-abnegation. But again, this is for the Gedolim and Poskim and mental health professionals to discuss.


The Children are Suffering – An Educator’s View

The Shalhevet High School student body, like every other Orthodox school, includes gay students, and we have worked hard to create a loving and supportive environment for them. Still, we must do more. Young people in the LGBT community have told me that they feel invisible when we counsel them in private; they feel somewhat loved, but only unofficially, “tolerated,” but not embraced. This state of limbo cannot persist. We will lose our children – emotionally, religiously, and even physically – if we continue, even with the best of intentions, to make them feel ostracized and invisible. If we persist in these mistakes, we will only water down the ideal that each and every one of us is created “b’tselem Elokim” (in God’s image).


So What Can We Do? Talking Some Tachlis

So what concrete steps might we take? Here are some initial thoughts:

  • Allow, or even sponsor, a support group for our LGBT students.
  • Find ways to celebrate those individuals choosing to live an Orthodox life while struggling with their sexuality. These brave students are responding to this powerful test of their emunah. Let us not relegate them to second-class status.
  • Encourage – and indeed expect – that our straight students support their gay peers in our school. Gay students deserve the same friendship and solidarity as anyone else, especially as Jews trying under the most challenging of circumstances to navigate the Torah and observe its commandments.
  • Implement anti-discrimination human resources policies and create a safe working environment for all employees.
  • Modify our educational plans and curricula to focus on discrimination against LGBT communities.
  • Provide our teachers with professional development in this area through organizations such as Eshel.
  • Find a way to assure our LGBT students that they belong and have a place at school and in our community. (We’ve already set this process in motion at Shalhevet, stay tuned for an important announcement.)


Ultimately, we will not succeed in satisfying the full range of expectations of every LGBT advocate. Even as we move the ball forward, some will claim that we’ve still fallen short. We can push and tinker around the edges, but as an Orthodox community, we cannot simply change Orthodoxy. Our attempts in the margins will invariably paint us “not Orthodox enough” on the one hand and “not pro-gay enough” on the other.   As so often is the case, we find ourselves stuck in the middle. But we cannot allow that purgatory-like status to stop us from making the changes that we feel are appropriate.


Why Now?

Read the news. People are getting shot and killed because they are gay. As Jews, we have always stood up against hate. People – our children – are in pain. They feel invisible. They are crying themselves to sleep after someone uses the word “homo.” Many of them hurt themselves when someone calls them a slur on social media. Jews have always stood up to protect the weak. We know better than anyone what it is to be hated and persecuted for something that is essentially beyond one’s control. We have a moral imperative to stand up and do what we can on this issue.


To Those Who Want Change, A Challenge

For those who want faster pace for acceptance on this issue, here is another challenge. We dilute the efficacy of the argument when we choose to circumvent or dispose of the halachik process. When we do so, we diminish our credibility and enable naysayers to sidestep our arguments. When we fail to daven three times day or learn Torah regularly, when we aren’t makpid about kashrut, how can we expect to engage in this halachic discussion? To paraphrase the great Rabbi Riskin, the credibility of this message can only emanate from a halachikally committed messenger.

For those who disagree with me and believe we should tell our young people, however painful, to sublimate their homosexual feelings and live a life of celibacy, I ask you the following question: What would you say if your child came out to you? Would you tell him or her to sublimate those feelings? Would you suggest he or she live a celibate and lonely life?

As a first step, here is information about a meeting taking place on Sunday, Sept. 18. While I will be in Israel on that day, I urge those of you who wish to move this discussion forward to attend that meeting.

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  • D

    Dr. Tzvika KanarekNov 1, 2016 at 10:01 am

    Rabbi Ari Shalom!
    I agree with all except for one thing. You cannot find “Gedolim” that are brave enough to cope with this issue. I found that their knowledge on this issue is minimum. Lately I have been arousing this issue in teachers colleges in Israel, as you mentioned “benafshenu hi”, and make this subject mandatory for teachers. I wrote a number of letters to Naftali Bennet, the Minister of education. to make this subject mandatory for Teachers with minor success. At Hertzog Teachers College, this subject has been brought up by the student body, and Rabbi Dr. Yehudah Brandes (head of the College) promised me that he will discuss this issue seriously and try to find ways to teach this subject to new teachers.
    Tudah for bringing it up
    Dr. Tzvika Kanarek

  • H

    Hanan DrukerSep 20, 2016 at 9:47 am

    I am confused by the closing paragraph. You say you are not a posek, or psychologist and so forth. You understand that being orthodox, there is so much that can be done in addressing this question, yet in the end, you question whether one should tell their gay kids to be celibate. Wait a minute, I thought, at the very least, it was clear that gay sex is forbidden. Are you now suggesting that now even that is on the table? Why bring up that hypothetical if that is not what you are suggesting?

    In the end, if you wish to maintain an orthodox community, you will have to find a way to logically and coherently explain to students why the secular world does not define the values and direction of the orthodox community just because it is the most modern of sensibilities. I agree with the overall thrust of your piece that a gay student should feel like he is like any other Jew, but at some point you will hit that brick wall. If you allow 2016 secular values to lead your values, conversations and by extension your curriculum, you will have to explain why certain discrimination IS appropriate (e.g. gay marriage) in the eyes of Judaism.

    Is this the biggest emunah challenge? No. Is it a challenge? Sure. But the only reason you have decided to call the biggest challenge is because you have allowed, and admitted that secular world values lead our youth, and orthodoxy need just to react in a manner that will make the youth feel better that their secular values have some Jewish seal of approval. Again, your last paragraph seems to demonstrate this.

    • N

      NachumAug 13, 2017 at 8:48 am

      Indeed. The problem here is society, the students, the school, and the principal. Not the Torah.

  • B

    Ben MedetskySep 18, 2016 at 4:08 am

    I hear a lot of what you’re saying and respect where it’s coming from. Until you wrote- “I ask you the following question: What would you say if your child came out to you? Would you tell him or her to sublimate those feelings? Would you suggest he or she live a celibate and lonely life?”
    I want to know your answer to that question, if it happened with your child. I don’t know what I would do, but would be shocked to hear what I think you are saying- that you would encourage your son to live with another man sexually in order to not be lonely…. That definitely wouldn’t be my reaction or advice to my son, and I pray to G-d that would be too much even for you!

  • P

    PeaceSep 15, 2016 at 9:38 am

    Nachum, since when does being a Jew, at its most simplistic form, mean anything more than being a Mench and treating others how you want to be treated? Members of the LGBTQ community were marched to the gas chambers right next to the Jews. To make a comment that being in the LGBTQ community is ruining the fabric of America or Jewish tradition is a farce. Discrimination has no place in Judaism. Religious extremism will always exist, but I hope people like you are few and with little power to do anything other than troll on the internet.

    • N

      NachumAug 13, 2017 at 8:47 am

      No “members of the LGBTQ community” were “marched to the gas chambers”. Learn your history.

  • R

    Ray TizabiSep 15, 2016 at 8:40 am

    Thank you, Rabbi Segal. As a conservative Jew who grew up in Orthodox schools and shuls, the child version of me often felt conflicted between what we practiced/believed at home versus what leaders in our community taught. With hindsight, the adult version of me looks back at some of these “conflicts” (e.g. can I eat out if the food is vegetarian, our family turns on lights on Shabbat and others don’t..) and now sees these as relatively minor.

    For a young gay person in 2016 to not feel safe/comfortable/proud in school, shul or public is not a conflict – it is an absurdity that has very little to do with the individual’s perception of him/herself, but how the community responds. Where there exists a vacuum like you described, that response will vary tremendously and as we see in the current political process, it is the lowest common denominator that always seems to get the most attention.

    Admittedly, we had some reservations about sending our child to an Orthodox high school, though witnessing true leadership like that which you have displayed here only validates our decision. We are proud to be part of the Shalhevet community.

    Thank you.

  • N

    Nachum LammSep 15, 2016 at 1:18 am

    Last I checked, the massacre was a work of Islamic terrorism. It doesn’t speak well of this school or its head that they so quickly bought into what became the “accepted narrative” and decided to surrender halakhah and Jewish tradition.

  • Y

    Yael RashlinSep 14, 2016 at 10:59 pm

    Thank you so much Rabbi Ari Segal for this amazing and compassionate approach, I’m an orthodox Transgender and it so rare to find someone today that include Transgender people when they talk about acceptance in Jewish communities, for some reasons the word Transgender is taboo and no one has the courage to include us in any Hilchatic discussion, so Thank you Rabbi Ari Segal

  • C

    Cantor Jerome B. KopmarSep 14, 2016 at 7:54 pm

    I agree with you 100%. WE have no right to judge people on an aspect of their lives which they themselves can’t control. I’m of the belief–and no scientific knowledge to back this up–that gays are not so by choice. Jews, and especially Modern Orthodox, Jews have not only a responsibility, but a religious obligation to support ALL our children regardless of their sexual orientation. “Poskim” and “Gedolim” are sometimes more influenced by the political aspects of their communities and thus will never speak up on such a raw subject as this, just as they refuse to settle the Agunah problem. We should have more educators like you, and more rabbis willing to come out and say what is in their heart rather than to bow to religious expediency.

    Cantor Jerome B. Kopmar, D.Mus.

    Dayton, OH

    • N

      Nachum LammSep 15, 2016 at 1:17 am

      I’m glad you can be so sure of your belief without any evidence to back it up.

      • C

        Cantor Jerome B. KopmarSep 15, 2016 at 9:00 am

        Perhaps I have no scientific evidence, but neither do you. I’m speaking as one who feels compassionate to all our people. A sense of compassion that I feel is so lacking in our Modern Orthodox community. No, I have no specific facts, but I don’t need any. A compassionate and understanding heart is all that is necessary.

      • R

        Ron WestSep 28, 2016 at 12:42 pm

        Nachum, I think you will find that, even in the Orthodox community, most people believe there are very many homosexuals whose orientation is simply fait accompli. They don’t have a determinative say in the matter. If your beliefs render you unable to reconcile the kind of acceptance Rabbi Segal is calling for with your Judaism, so be it. But if you are taking the position that gays are, by definition, gay by choice, I expect you’ll find yourself increasingly isolated from the world and even your community in coming years. It’s just not the case.

  • N

    Norman BonkSep 14, 2016 at 6:49 pm

    Beautiful spirit and beautifully written I am 50 now but still am climing out of a hole I fell in when bullied as a homosexual in school. I wewant to Catholic school. The clergy did nothing. It warms my heart to see this intelligent and compassionate treatment of those on both sides of the issue. True peace making. I love the striving to move from tolerance to acceptance, so I.important. Thank you and God bless!